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Prof. Wim Naudé

Prof. Wim Naudé


Professor of Economics

Economics, Áras na Laoi Cork University Business School University College Cork LinkedIn Profile ORCID profile


Wim Naudé is Professor in Economics at Cork University Business School. His areas of scholarly interest are on the economics of entrepreneurship, technological innovation and global development, using data science. Current research and teaching are focused on four interrelated topics that are ultimately concerned with the global grand challenges: 1) the diffusion of human-centered Artificial Intelligence, in which capacity he is also co-director of a project funded by the Volkswagen Stiftung; 2) the decline in entrepreneurship and innovation in the West, which is linked to the broader challenge of the Great Stagnation, and efforts to “innovate in innovation”, as well as to the poor diffusion of new knowledge and technologies (including AI); 3) the consequences of de-globalization and the 4th Industrial revolution for structural transformation in Sub-Saharan Africa; and 4) the role of entrepreneurship in development and trade, in particular in migration, conflict, combatting climate change and export diversification.

And a result of his work on these topics, Wim have in recent years been advisor and contributor to the world of virtually all the global multilateral development organizations.  For instance, he was lead author/ contributor to the 2020 World Youth Report on Social Entrepreneurship and the 2030 Agenda, the 2018 World Trade Organization’s World Trade Report on How Digital Technologies are Transforming World Commerce, the 2018 UNFCCC Technology Executive Committee’s report on Climate Technology Accelerators and Incubators, the 2017 OECD Flagship African Economic Outlook Report on Entrepreneurship and Industrialization; and the 2016 Industrial Development Report of UNIDO on The Role of Technology and Innovation in Inclusive and Sustainable Industrial Development.

Oxford University Press has published a number of his books and has included these in Oxford Scholarship Online”. His most cited works include the chapter on entrepreneurship and development that is included in the 2014 Oxford University Press book “International Development: Ideas, Experience and Prospects”, which contains a foreword by Nobel Laureate Amartya Sen; and the 2011 paper “Entrepreneurship and Human Development: A Capability Approach”, in a special edition of the Journal of Public Economics edited by Thomas Piketty.

Currently, Wim is also a Visiting Professor in Technology, Innovation, Marketing and Entrepreneurship at RWTH Aachen University in Germany, a Research Fellow of the IZA Institute of Labor Economics in Bonn, a Fellow of the African Studies Centre at the University of Leiden, as well as a Fellow of the Global Labor Organization. 

Before joining UCC, Wim was Professor in Business and Entrepreneurship at Maastricht University; Dean of Maastricht School of Management; Senior Research Fellow at the United Nations University’s World Institute for Development Economics Research; Professor of Economics at North-West University in South Africa; and Lecturer and Research Officer at the University of Oxford. He spent his sabbatical (2018-2019) as Visiting Professor at Saïd Business School, University of Oxford.

He holds a M.Sc. in Quantitative Development Economics from the University of Warwick and a Ph.D. in Economics from North-West University in South Africa.

For more:


  1. Artificial Intelligence: Neither Utopian nor Apocalyptic Impacts Soon, Economics of Innovation and New Technology, 2021, 30 (1): 1-23, at
  2. Entrepreneurship and Subjective Well-Being: Does the Motivation to Start-Up a Firm Matter? Journal of Business Research, 2021, early online available at:
  3. Digital Entrepreneurship (In W.J. Liebregts, W.J.A.M. van den Heuvel and J.A. van den Born (eds).  2021Data Science for Entrepreneurship. Heidelberg:  Springer).
  4. Export-Led Growth after COVID-19: The Case of Portugal, Notas Económicas, 2021, early online available at:
  5. Intelligente Eindämmungsstrategien gegen COVID-19: Die Rolle von KI und großen Daten, Perspektiven der Wirtschaftspolitik, 2020, May,  
  6. Artificial Intelligence vs COVID-19: Limitations, Constraints and Pitfalls, AI & Society, 2020, 35 (3): 761-765.  
  7. The Race for an Artificial General Intelligence: Implications for Public Policy, AI & Society, 2020, 35 (2),  
  8. Reorienting Entrepreneurial Support Infrastructure to Tackle a Social Crisis: A Rapid Response, Journal of Business Venturing Insights, 2020, vol 14, Nov,
  9. Refugee Entrepreneurship: Context and Directions for Future Research, Small Business Economics, 2020, March,  
  10. How do Role Conflict Intensity and Coping Strategies affect the Success of Women Entrepreneurs in Africa? Evidence from Ethiopia, Journal of Small Business Management, 2020, https://10.1080/00472778.2020.1756121
  11. Brilliant Technologies and Brave Entrepreneurs: A New Narrative for Africa Manufacturing, Journal of International Affairs, 2019, 72 (1): 143-158. https://doi:10.2307/26588350  
  12. The Intersection of the Fields of Entrepreneurship and Development Economics: A Review Towards a New View, Journal of Economic Surveys, 2019, 33(2): 389-403.
  13. Ready for Industry 4.0? The Case of Central and Eastern Europe, In: Dastbaz, M. and Cochrane, P. (eds), 2019, Industry 4.0 and Engineering for the Future, Springer, Heidelberg, Chapter 9.
  14. Non-Farm Enterprises in Rural Africa, (In L. Christiaensen and L. Demery (eds). 2018. Agriculture in Africa: Telling Myths from Facts. Washington, DC: The World Bank. Chapter 9, pp.  75-84).
  15. Technological Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Productivity in Germany, 1871-2015, SPRU Working Paper Series 2018-02, 2018, SPRU-Science Policy Research Unit, University of Sussex Business School. 
  16. Migration, Entrepreneurship and Development: Critical Questions, IZA Journal of Migration, 2017, 6:5,  
  17. Non-Farm Enterprises in Rural Sub-Saharan Africa: New Empirical Evidence, Food Policy, 2017, 67: 175-19,  
  18. Spatial Proximity and Firm Performance: Evidence from Non-Farm Rural Enterprises in Ethiopia and Nigeria, Regional Studies, 2016, 51(5): 688-700, https://10.1080/00343404.2015.1131896  
  19. The Entrepreneurship Beveridge Curve, International Journal of Economic Theory, 2016, 12(1): 151- 165,  
  20. Public-Private Entanglement: Entrepreneurship in Lebanon's Hybrid Political Order, Journal of Development Studies, 2016, 52 (2): 254-268,
  21. Inclusive Industrialization and Entrepreneurship, Development, 2015, 58 (4): 500-510,  
  22. Playing the Lottery or Dressing Up? A Model of Firm-Level Heterogeneity and the Decision to Export, Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, 2015, 58 : 1-17,  
  23. `Surfeiting, the Appetite May Sicken': Entrepreneurship and Happiness, Small Business Economics Journal, 2014, 42 (1): 523-540,  
  24. Business under Fire: Entrepreneurship and Violent Conflict in Developing Countries, Journal of Conflict Resolution, 2013, February Vol. 57: 3-19,  
  25. Remittances to Sub-Saharan Africa in the Wake of a Financial Crisis: Source of Resilience or Vulnerability?(In Sirkeci, I., Cohen, J.H. and Ratha, D. (eds). 2012. Migration and Remittances during the Global Financial Crisis and Beyond. Washington DC: The World Bank. Chapter 27, pp. 325-336.
  26. Entrepreneurship and Human Development: A Capability Approach, Journal of Public Economics, 2011, 95 (3): 216-224,  
  27. Entrepreneurship is not a Binding Constraint on Growth and Development in the Poorest Countries, World Development, 2011, 39 (1): 33-44,  
  28. The Impact of Transport Costs on New Venture Internationalization, Journal of International Entrepreneurship, 2011, 9:62-89,  
  29. Entrepreneurship, Structural Change and a Global Economic Crisis, Entrepreneurship Research Journal, 2011, volume 1, issue 3, article 4,  
  30. Climate Change and Industrial Policy, Sustainability, 2011, 3 (7): 1003-1021,  
  31. Export Diversication and Economic Performance: Evidence from Brazil, China, India and South Africa, Economic Change and Restructuring, 2011, 44: 99-134,  
  32. Export Specialization and Local Economic Growth, The World Economy, 2010, 33 (4): 552-572,  
  33. What do We Know About the Patterns and Determinants of Female Entrepreneurship Across Countries? The European Journal of Development Research, 2010, 22 (3): 277-293,  
  34. Entrepreneurship, Developing Countries and Development Economics: New Approaches and Insights, Small Business Economics Journal, 2010, 34 (1): 1-12.  
  35. Entrepreneurship and Structural Economic Transformation, Small Business Economics Journal, 2010, 34 (1): 13-29,