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Prof Thomas Butler

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Thomas Butler

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Business Information Systems
University College Cork
Cork University Business School

tbutler@ucc.ie ORCID profile http://afis.ucc.ie/tbutler/

Biography

Professor Tom Butler's PhD MSc research focuses on the application of artificial intelligence technologies for governance, risk, and compliance in the financial industry. From 2013-2018, Tom was the Principal Investigator of Ireland’s Governance Risk and Compliance Technology Centre. In the latter role, he led a multidisciplinary team of knowledge engineers, information systems and legal researchers conducting research and development (R&D) of AI technologies to enable financial institutions to manage regulatory compliance and operational risk. His R&D activities saw him engage closely with global systemically important banks (G-SIBs) and regulators such as the Bank of England and the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA). This research continues with two Research Fellows based at UCC and with financial institutions and professional services firms in the UK and US. Tom was also a member of the Expert Group on Regulatory Obstacles Financial Innovation (ROFIEG) at the European Commission’s Directorate-General for Financial Stability, Financial Services and Capital Markets Union (DG FISMA) and continues his association with fellow experts, whose recommendations on financial technology (FinTech) strategy inform EU policy.

In a broader context, Tom's research focuses on risks that information technologies pose to society: in areas from information and cybersecurity, to the adverse health effects that wireless technologies exert on humans, he engages with independent researchers globally across a range of disciplines.  This focus on environmental risks builds on his tenure as a Government of Ireland Research Fellow focusing on environmentally sustainable technologies or Green IT.    

Tom authored 225 publications, which includes 80 full papers, 84 conference papers, and 11 inventions. His research sees him ranked in the top 2% of scientists by discipline globally by Stanford researchers Ioannidis, J. P., Boyack, K. W., & Baas, J. (2020). Updated science-wide author databases of standardized citation indicators. PLoS Biology18(10), e3000918.  

Tom has garnered over €8.7m in research funding. He is considered a global thought leader in financial and regulatory technologies (FinTech-RegTech) and technology risk.

 

Grants and Honours

  • 05/01/2014 - Miscellanous Membership Fees - EI TC/2012/0009, Miscellaneous
  • 03/01/2013 - Governance Risk and Compliance Technology Centre, Enterprise Ireland
  • 12/01/2012 - Financial Services Governance Risk and Compliance Technology Centre, Enterprise Ireland
  • 03/08/2011 - Innovative Business Models for the International Energy Sector., Tyndall National Institute
  • 01/01/2011 - Ranked 33rd in Association for Information Systems Senior Scholars World Rankings, http://vvenkatesh.com/isranking/
  • 09/01/2009 - Government of Ireland Research Fellowship, Irish Research Council for the Humanities and Social Sciences (IRCHSS)
  • 09/01/2009 - IRCHSS - Towards a Theorectically-informed Business Model for implementing Green IT Initiatives in Organisations., Irish Research Council for the Humanities and Social Sciences (IRCHSS)
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Research Domains

  • Governance Risk and Compliance (GRC) Systems for Financial Services
  • Ontology and Process Model Development
  • Artificial Intelligence Technologies  
  • Business Models for GRC technology innovations
  • Smart Regulation (based on Semantic Technologies)
  • Business Models for ICT-enabled Smart Grid/Homes/Buildings and Energy Informatics
  • Environmentally sustainable IT Governance
  • Environmental Compliance Management Systems (ECMS)
  • Risk management  
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Publications

Journal article

Year Publication
2009 MCAVOY, J., BUTLER, T. (2009). The role of project management in ineffective decision making within Agile software development projects. European Journal of Information Systems. Details
2009 MCAVOY, J., BUTLER, T. (2009). A Failure to Learn By Software Developers: Inhibiting the Adoption of an Agile Software Development Methodology. Journal of Information Technology Case and Application Research. Details
2009 MCAVOY, J., BUTLER, T. (2009). Project Post-mortems Mindless Mismanagement of Agreement. Journal of Decision Systems. Details
2007 MCAVOY, J., BUTLER, T. (2007). The impact of the Abilene Paradox on double-loop learning in an agile team. Information and Software Technology. Details
2006 MCAVOY, J., BUTLER, T. (2006). Resisting the change to user stories: a trip to Abilene. International Journal of Information Systems and Change Management. Details
2018 BUTLER, T., BROOKS, R. (2018). On the role of ontology-based RegTech for managing risk and compliance reporting in the age of regulation. Journal of Risk Management in Financial Institutions.
2015 BUTLER, T., HACKNEY, R. (2015). Understanding digital eco-innovation in municipalities: An institutional perspective. Association of Information Systems.
2014 ABI-LAHOUD, E., BUTLER, T., O'BRIEN, L. (2014). A hermeneutic approach to solving the translation problem in designing ontologies. Journal of the Association for Information Systems.
2012 BUTLER, T., MCGOVERN, D. (2012). A conceptual model and IS framework for the design and adoption of environmental compliance management systems. Information Systems Frontiers.
2011 BUTLER, T. (2011). Compliance with institutional imperatives on environmental sustainability: Building theory on the role of Green IS. Journal of Strategic Information Systems.
2008 BUTLER, T., GRACE, A. (2008). Beyond Knowledge. Journal of Cases On Information Technology.
2006 BUTLER, T., MCAVOY, J. (2006). A paradox of virtual teams and change: an implementation of the theory of competing commitments. International Journal of e-Collaboration (IJeC).
2005 BUTLER, T., GRACE, A. (2005). Beyond Knowledge Management. Journal of Cases On Information Technology.
2005 BUTLER, T., GRACE, A. (2005). Learning management systems: a new beginning in the management of learning and knowledge.
2005 BUTLER, T. (2005). Power Conflict, Commitment & the Development of Sales & Marketing IS/IT Infrastructures at Digital Devices, Inc.. Journal of Cases On Information Technology.
2003 BUTLER, T. (2003). An institutional perspective on developing and implementing intranet-and internet-based information systems.
2003 BUTLER, T. (2003). From data to knowledge and back again: Understanding the limitations of KMS. Knowledge and Process Management.
2002 BUTLER, T. (2002). Bridging the digital divide through educational initiatives: Problems and solutions. Informing Science: The International Journal of an Emerging Transdiscipline.
2000 BUTLER, T. (2000). Transforming information systems development through computer-aided systems engineering (CASE): lessons from practice.
1999 BUTLER, T., FITZGERALD, B. (1999). Unpacking the systems development process: an empirical application of the CSF concept in a research context. Journal of Strategic Information Systems.
1998 BUTLER, T. (1998). Towards a hermeneutic method for interpretive research in information systems. Journal of Information Technology.
2008 BUTLER, T., MURPHY, C. (2008). An exploratory study on IS capabilities and assets in a small-to-medium software enterprise.
2008 BUTLER, T., FELLER, J., POPE, A., EMERSON, W., MURPHY, C. (2008). Designing a core IT artefact for Knowledge Management Systems using participatory action research in a government and a non-government organisation. Journal of Strategic Information Systems. Details
2007 BUTLER, T., MURPHY, C. (2007). Understanding the design of information technologies for knowledge management in organizations: a pragmatic perspective.
2009 MCAVOY, J., BUTLER, T. (2009). The Dilution of Effort in Self-Evaluating Development Teams: Agile Loafing. Electronic Journal of Information Systems Evaluation.
2018 BUTLER, T., MCAVOY, J. (2018). A critical realist method for applied business research. Journal of Critical Realism.
2007 BUTLER, T., HEAVIN, C., O'DONOVAN, F. (2007). A theoretical model and framework for understanding knowledge management system implementation. Journal of Organizational and End User Computing. Details
2020 BUTLER, T., HACKNEY, R. (2020). The role of informational mechanisms in the adoption of Green IS to achieve eco-sustainability in municipalities. Information and Management. Details
2019 BUTLER, T. (2019). Artificial intelligence for regulatory compliance: Are we there yet? Journal of Financial Compliance, Great Britain.
2020 BUTLER, T., HACKNEY, R. (2020). The role of informational mechanisms in the adoption of Green IS to achieve eco-sustainability in municipalities. Information and Management. Details
2019 BUTLER, T., O'BRIEN, L. (2019). Artificial intelligence for regulatory compliance: Are we there yet? Journal of Financial Compliance.

Book chapter

Year Publication
2019 BUTLER, T., O’BRIEN, L. (2019). Understanding RegTech for Digital Regulatory Compliance. Palgrave Pivot.
2016 BUTLER, T. (2016). Towards a Hermeneutic Method for Interpretive Research in Information Systems. Palgrave Macmillan.
2012 GRACE, A., FINNEGAN, P., BUTLER, T. (2012). Collaborative Decision Making at the Client Interface: An Exploratory Case Study of Service Co-production. Fusing Decision Support Systems Into The Fabric Of The Context.
2012 BUTLER, T. (2012). Institutional change and green IS: Towards problem-driven, mechanism-based explanations. Springer Publishing.
2012 BUTLER, T. (2012). Regulating Green IT: Laws, Standards and Protocols. Harnessing Green IT: Principles and Practices.
2012 HAQUE, R., KRDZAVAC, N. B., BUTLER, T. (2012). Transforming Nescient Activity into Intelligent Activity.
2010 BUTLER, T., GRACE, A. (2010). Building and maintaining human capital with learning management systems. IGI Global.
2010 FLYNN, A., BUTLER, T., MCGARRY, J. (2010). On Institutional Rationality and Decision Making in Adopting Green ICT Strategies.. IOS Press.
2008 BUTLER, T., EMERSON, W., MCGOVERN, D. (2008). Compliance-as-a-Service in Information Technology Manufacturing Organizations: An Exploratory Case Study. Springer Publishing.
2008 BUTLER, T., MCAVOY, J. (2008). The Desire for Cohesion in Virtual Teams. E-Collaboration in Modern Organizations: Initiating and Managing.
2006 BUTLER, T. (2006). Social inclusion and the information systems field: why now?.
2002 BUTLER, T., FITZGERALD, B. (2002). Exploring the relationship between institutional context, user participation, and organizational change in a European telecommunications company. IGI Global.
2002 BUTLER, T., FITZGERALD, B. (2002). The relationship between user participation and the management of change surrounding the development of information systems: A European perspective. IGI Global.
2000 BUTLER, T., FITZGERALD, B. (2000). New light through old windows: the interpretive foundations of the CSF concept and method. Palgrave Macmillan.
1999 BUTLER, T. (1999). Promise and Practice: I-CASE and Rapid Application Development in Telecom Eireann.
1999 BUTLER, T., FITZGERALD, B. (1999). The institutionalisation of user participation for systems development in Telecom Eireann. Success and pitfalls of information technology management.
2009 BUTLER, T., MURPHY, C. (2009). Researching IT capabilities and resources: an integrative theory of dynamic capabilities and institutional commitments. IGI Global.
2018 CECI, M., BUTLER, T., O’BRIEN, L., AL KHALIL, F. (2018). Legal patterns for different constitutive rules. Springer Publishing.
2006 BUTLER, T., FELLER, J., POPE, A., MURPHY, C. (2006). Making knowledge management systems open: A case study of the role of open source software. Open Source for Knowledge and Learning Management: Strategies Beyond Tools. Details
2008 MCAVOY, J., BUTLER, T. (2008). A Failure to Learn in a Software Development Team: The Unsuccessful Introduction of an Agile Method. Springer Publishing. Details
2009 MCAVOY, J., BUTLER, T. (2009). Competing Commitments Theory. IGI Global. Details
2008 BUTLER, T., HEAVIN, C., O'DONOVAN, F. (2008). A theoretical model and framework for understanding knowledge management system implementation. IGI Global.

Conference paper

Year Publication
2012 O'SULLIVAN, R., BUTLER, T., O'REILLY, P. (2012). Realizing the business value of service-oriented architecture: The construction of a theoretical framework.
2012 POPE, A., BUTLER, T. (2012). Unpacking the people, process and technology dimensions of organisational KMS.
2015 BUTLER, T., ABI-LAHOUD, E., ESPINOZA, A. (2015). Designing Semantic Technologies for Regulatory Change Management in the Financial Industry.
2015 ASOOJA, K., BORDEA, G., VULCU, G., O’BRIEN, L., ESPINOZA, A., ABI-LAHOUD, E., BUTLER, T. (2015). Semantic annotation of finance regulatory text using multilabel classification.
2015 BUTLER, T., DALY, M., HACKNEY, R. (2015). Socio-technical transitions towards environmental sustainability through Green ICT. Association of Information Systems.
2014 BUTLER, T., ELGAMMAL, A. (2014). Towards a framework for semantically-enabled compliance management in financial services.
2014 BUTLER, T., ABI-LAHOUD, E. (2014). A mechanism-based explanation of the institutionalization of semantic technologies in the financial industry.
2014 ESPINOZA, A., ABI-LAHOUD, E., BUTLER, T. (2014). Ontology-driven financial regulatory change management: an iterative development process.
2013 ABI-LAHOUD, E., BUTLER, T., CHAPIN, D., HALL, J. (2013). Interpreting Regulations with SBVR..
2013 ABI-LAHOUD, E., O’BRIEN, L., BUTLER, T. (2013). On the road to regulatory ontologies.
2012 KRDZAVAC, N., HAQUE, R., BUTLER, T. (2012). An IFRS compliant balance sheet metamodel.
2012 BUTLER, T., HACKNEY, R. (2012). Breaking the iron Law: Implementing Cost Effective, Green ICT in the UK Public Sector..
2011 BUTLER, T., HACKNEY, R. (2011). Greening Government ICT: A Mechanism-Based Explanation of Institutional Change in the UK Public Sector.
2011 BUTLER, T. (2011). Towards a practice-oriented green IS framework..
2010 BUTLER, T., EMERSON, W., MCGOVERN, D. (2010). COMPLIANCE-AS-A-SERVICE IN IT. Information Technology in the Service Economy: Challenges and Possibilities for the 21st Century.
2010 MCGOVERN, D., BUTLER, T., EMERSON, W. (2010). Compliance-as-a-Service in Information Technology Manufacturing Organizations: An Exploratory Case Study.
2010 BUTLER, T., O'REILLY, P. (2010). Recovering the Ontological Foundations of the Grounded Theory Method..
2009 BUTLER, T., DALY, M. (2009). Environmental responsibilty and green IT: An institutional perspective.
2008 BUTLER, T., MCGOVERN, D. (2008). Adopting IT to Manage Compliance and Risks: An Institutional Perspective..
2008 BUTLER, T., EMERSON, W., MCGOVERN, D. (2008). Pragmatic Design: A Case Study of Innovation in a Small Software Company..
2008 BUTLER, T., GRACE, A., FINNEGAN, P. (2008). Service Co-Creation with the Customer: the Role of Information Systems..
2008 BUTLER, T., MCAVOY, J. (2008). Social inclusion and IT education: An institutional analysis. ICIS 2008 Proceedings.
2005 BUTLER, T., MCAVOY, J. (2005). A Paradox of the Change to User Stories: The Application of the Theory of Competing Commitments. ECIS 2005 Proceedings.
2004 BUTLER, T., DUNNE, A. (2004). Beyond Knowledge Management--Introducing a Framework for Learning Management Systems. ECIS 2004 Proceedings.
2004 BUTLER, T., DUNNE, A. (2004). Learning Management Systems: A New Opportunity.
2003 NEVILLE, K. M., BUTLER, T., ADAM, F. (2003). A Model as a Platform to IT and Cultural Understanding. AMCIS.
2003 BUTLER, T., PYKE, A. (2003). Examining the Influence of ERP Systems on Firm Specific Knowledge and Core Capabilities: A Case Study of SAP Implementation and Use. ECIS 2003 Proceedings.
2002 BUTLER, T. (2002). Exploring the reality of knowledge management systems: a case study.
2000 BUTLER, T. (2000). Deconstructing the Hype Around Knowledge Work and Putting Clothes on the Emperor's Back. AMCIS.
2000 BUTLER, T., SAMMON, D. (2000). Life in the Data Warehouse: A Case Study of Second Phase Implementation Problems and Solutions. AMCIS.
2000 BUTLER, T. (2000). Making sense of knowledge: A constructivist viewpoint. AMCIS.
1999 BUTLER, T. (1999). Shaping information and communication technologies infrastructures in the newspaper industry: cases on the role of IT competencies. ICIS 1999 Proceedings.
1997 BUTLER, T., FITZGERALD, B. (1997). A case study of user participation in the information systems development process. ICIS 1997 Proceedings.
1997 BUTLER, T., FITZGERALD, B. (1997). An empirical model of the information systems development process.
2002 BUTLER, T. (2002). A Case Study of Social and Corporate Responsibility in Bridging the Digital Divide.
2010 KIELY, G., BUTLER, T., FINNEGAN, P. (2010). Coordinating global virtual teams: building theory from a case study of software development. Details
2017 SEPPÄLÄ, S., CECI, M., HUANG, H., O’BRIEN, L., BUTLER, T. (2017). SmaRT Visualisation of Legal Rules for Compliance..
2017 AL KHALIL, F., BUTLER, T., O’BRIEN, L., CECI, M. (2017). Trust in smart contracts is a process, as well.
2016 CECI, M., AL KHALIL, F., O’BRIEN, L., BUTLER, T. (2016). Requirements for an intermediate language bridging legal text and rules.
2007 BUTLER, T., MURPHY, C. (2007). Implementing Knowledge Management Systems in Public Sector Organisations: A Case Study of Critical Success Factors..
2005 BUTLER, T., MURPHY, C. (2005). Integrating dynamic capability and commitment theory for research on IT capabilities and resources. ECIS 2005 Proceedings.
2003 BUTLER, T., MURPHY, C. (2003). Locating IT Competencies in a Learning Organization: A Case Study of the Development of Firm Specific IT Resources at Analog Devices, Inc.. ECIS 2003 Proceedings.
2003 BUTLER, T., MURPHY, C. (2003). Unpacking Dynamic Capabilities in the Small to Medium Software Enterprise: Process, Assets and History. ECIS 2003 Proceedings.
2000 BUTLER, T., MURPHY, C. (2000). Beyond the Resource-Based View: Commitment as the Underlying Mechanism in the Application of IT Competencies. AMCIS.
2006 BUTLER, T., FELLER, J., ANDREW, A., EMERSON, W., MURPHY, C. (2006). An action research study on the design and development of core IT artifacts for knowledge management systems.
2004 BUTLER, T., FELLER, J., POPE, A., BARRY, P. (2004). Promoting Knowledge Sharing in Government and Non-Government Organizations Using Open Source Software. The pKADS Story. The Electronic Journal of e-Government.
2017 MCAVOY, J., BUTLER, T. (2017). Causal framework through retroduction and retrodiction.
2006 MCAVOY, J., BUTLER, T. (2006). Looking for a place to hide: A study of social loafing in Agile teams.
2005 MCAVOY, J., BUTLER, T. (2005). A little information can be a dangerous thing for software developers.
2014 KIELY, G., FINNEGAN, P., BUTLER, T. (2014). Managing global virtual teams: An exploration of operation and performance.
2018 BUTLER, T., DALY, M. (2018). Conduct risk: towards a model for assessment and remediation. Journal of Decision Systems.
2017 SEIDEL, S., BHARATI, P., FRIDGEN, G., WATSON, R., ALBIZRI, A., BOUDREAU, M.-C., BUTLER, T. (2017). The Sustainability Imperative in Information Systems Research.. Communications of the Association for Information Systems.
2006 O'DONOVAN, F., HEAVIN, C., BUTLER, T. (2006). Towards a model for understanding the key factors in KMS implementation.

Dissertation

Year Publication
2002 BUTLER, T. (2002). Building IT resources in post-industrial organizations: cases on the development and application of IT competencies.

Encyclopedia entry

Year Publication
2011 BUTLER, T. (2011). Anti-foundational knowledge management. IGI Global.
2008 BUTLER, T., MCAVOY, J. (2008). Ineffective Decision Making in Adopting an Agile Software Development Methodology. IGI Global.
2011 BUTLER, T., MURPHY, C. (2011). Work and knowledge. IGI Global.

Magazine article

Year Publication
1999 BUTLER, T., FITZGERALD, B. (1999). A review and application of the critical success factors concept for research on the information systems development process. THE NEXT GENERATION.
2017 BUTLER, T. (2017). Towards a standards-based technology architecture for RegTech. Journal of Financial Transformation.
2008 BUTLER, T., MCGOVERN, D. (2008). The greening of the IT sector: Problems and solutions in managing environmental compliance. Cutter IT Journal.

Report

Year Publication
2017 AL KHALIL, F., CECI, M., O'BRIEN, L., BUTLER, T. (2017). A solution for the problems of translation and transparency in smart contracts. Government Risk and Compliance Technology Centre. Report, available at: http://www. grctc. com/wp-content/uploads/2017/06/GRCTC-Smart-Contracts-White-Paper-2017. pdf (accessed 31st August, 2017).
2019 BUTLER, T. (2019). Final report of the Expert Group on Regulatory Obstacles to Financial Innovation: 30 recommendations on regulation, innovation and finance., Belgium.

Standards and policy

Year Publication
2019 PAECH, P., BUTLER, T. (2019). Final report of the Expert Group on Regulatory Obstacles to Financial Innovation: 30 recommendations on regulation, innovation and finance., Belgium.

Other

Year Publication
2008 BUTLER, T. (2008). JSIS editorial December 2008.
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